Disease

Malaria vaccine breakthrough as promising trial rises hopes of controlling disease

The vaccine, developed by Oxford and known as R21, showed up to 77% efficacy in a trial of 450 children in Burkina Faso over 12 months, the university said in a statement. It said the shot was the first to meet the World Health Organization’s Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap goal of a malaria vaccine with at least 75% efficacy.

“These are very exciting results showing unprecedented efficacy levels from a vaccine that has been well tolerated in our trial programme,” Halidou Tinto, the trial’s principal investigator, said in a statement. “We look forward to the upcoming Phase III trial to

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Your Waist Size Is a Clue to Your Heart Disease Risk

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The need for measuring waist circumference in the clinic stems in part from the limitations of body mass index . Layla Bird/Getty Images
  • A group of American Heart Association experts calls for measuring patients’ waist circumference to gauge their risk for cardiovascular disease.
  • The need for measuring waist circumference in the clinic stems in part from the limitations of body mass index (BMI).
  • BMI doesn’t show where the fat is located — which can affect a person’s health risks.

When trying to reduce your risk of obesity-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes, monitoring

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At this point, COVID-19 is a preventable disease — even as thousands continue to get infected every day

A year ago when Michigan was being ravaged by COVID-19, the big problem was a novel virus that had no vaccine and no effective treatments, and scientists were still trying to figure out exactly how the virus was transmitted.

Today, Michigan is being ravaged in a surge that’s even worse than a year ago.

But there’s some big difference this time: Vaccines are now available and we know the strategies that best stymie transmission.

“It really is mostly a preventable disease,” said Dr. Joel Fishbain, an infectious disease specialist for Beaumont Hospital Grosse Pointe.

So the fact that Michigan emergency

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Ticks that cause Lyme disease as plentiful near beaches as in the woods

Beachgoers may have felt safe from Lyme disease, but a new study suggests those heading to the shore also need to keep a careful eye out for disease-carrying ticks.

Researchers in California were surprised to find just as many adult black-legged ticks carrying Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme, in areas of grass and scrub leading to the beach they did as in the woodland habitats in the northwestern part of the state.

“We went into new habitats and found them in numbers we didn’t expect,” said lead author Daniel Salkeld, a research scientist at Colorado State University. “A

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Study: Fungal disease killing over 90% of 3 bat species in Pa., elsewhere

Southwestern Pennsylvania bats were part of a new large national study that flagged a die-off nationally of more than 90% of certain bats in less than 10 years.

The bats in question are the northern long-eared, little brown and tri-colored bats. Researchers also found declines in Indiana bat and big brown bat populations.

All of those bat species are found in Pennsylvania.

The study was published in Conservation Biology.

The bats were killed by white-nosed syndrome, which is caused by a fungus that grows in cold, damp and dark places frequented by hibernating bats in the winter. The

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Experimental Drug Boosts Brain Cell Cleaning to Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms

Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have designed an experimental drug that reversed key symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice. The drug works by reinvigorating a cellular cleaning mechanism—chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA)—that gets rid of unwanted proteins by digesting and recycling them. “Discoveries in mice don’t always translate to humans, especially in Alzheimer’s disease,” said co-study leader Ana Maria Cuervo, MD, PhD, the Robert and Renée Belfer Chair for the Study of Neurodegenerative Diseases, professor of developmental and molecular biology, and co-director of the Institute for Aging Research at Einstein. “But we were encouraged to find in our study that

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