Disease

Study reveals risk factors for Newcastle Disease in Brazil

A study conducted by the Brazilian Animal Health Defence Group (GDSA) has revealed several risk factors for the spread of Newcastle Disease from backyard farms to commercial producers in São Paulo State, Brazil.

An NCD risk analysis comprises 4 steps: risk identification, disease routes, outbreak management, and communication. Photo: Hans Prinsen


An NCD risk analysis comprises 4 steps: risk identification, disease routes, outbreak management, and communication. Photo: Hans Prinsen

Given that it is a notifiable disease, Brazil has a pretty good indication of its Newcastle Disease status. With the last official outbreak in 2006, researcher Luciano Lagatta, director at the Animal Health Defence Group (GDSA) of São Paulo State, led a new evaluation of

Read More

How an NBA player’s genetic heart disease led to advocacy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy | Connect FM | Local News Radio

(NEW YORK) — A healthy athlete all his life, Jared Butler entered his college basketball physical exam as the last step before he could step on the court. But an unexpected diagnosis of a potentially lethal heart condition put him on the sidelines while he anxiously wondered if his basketball career was over.

“After a month of testing, we found out that I had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy,” Butler told ABC News. “I had never heard the term before. I was worried what this would mean for my playing career — and ultimately my life.”

That was three years

Read More

Scientists develop a promising new approach to potentially treat Alzheimer’s disease

A promising new approach to potentially treat Alzheimer’s disease – and also vaccinate against it – has been developed by a team of UK and German scientists.

Both the antibody-based treatment and the protein-based vaccine developed by the team reduced Alzheimer’s symptoms in mouse models of the disease. The research is published today in Molecular Psychiatry.

The work is a collaboration between researchers at the University of Leicester, the University Medical Center Göttingen and the medical research charity LifeArc.

Rather than focus on the amyloid beta protein in plaques in the brain, which are commonly associated with Alzheimer’s disease,

Read More

Potential biomarkers of coagulopathy and disease severity in COVID-19

Coagulopathy in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) displays unusually. Not only do patients display impaired fibrinolysis, but also platelet aggregation, inflammation, and microthrombi. Understanding this pathology could help healthcare workers treat these symptoms, often associated with low survival levels in severe COVID-19 patients.

Study: Plasma biomarkers associated with survival and thrombosis in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Image Credit: bangoland/ Shutterstock

A group of researchers from Columbia University has observed the mechanisms of hypercoagulability in COVID-19, finding a significant increase in fibrin-mediated clot viscosity, but no mechanism behind this observation. To further explore this phenomenon, scientists have investigated the presence of specific

Read More

Sickle cell disease inquiry finds ‘serious care failings’ in NHS | Sickle cell disease

A groundbreaking inquiry into sickle cell disease has found “serious care failings” in acute services and evidence of attitudes underpinned by racism.

The report by the all-party parliamentary group (APPG) on sickle cell and thalassaemia, led by Pat McFadden MP, found evidence of sub-standard care for sickle cell patients admitted to general wards or attending A&E departments.

The inquiry also found widespread lack of adherence to national care standards, low awareness of sickle cell among healthcare professionals and clear examples of inadequate training and insufficient investment in sickle cell care.

The report notes frequent disclosures of negative attitudes towards sickle

Read More

Software uses selfies to detect early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease : NewsCenter




November 15, 2021



To Ehsan Hoque and his collaborators at the University of Rochester, selfie photos are worth far more than the proverbial “thousand words.” Computer vision software—based on algorithms that the computer scientist and his lab have developed—can analyze them to predict whether a person is likely to develop Parkinson’s disease. (University of Rochester illustration / Julia Joshpe)


Machine learning lets Rochester researchers accurately identify signs of the neurological disease by analyzing facial muscles.

What are the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

Although individuals may experience symptoms differently, the four common

Read More

Could heartburn medication reduce gum disease?

Share on Pinterest
An analysis finds links between gum disease and heartburn medication. Vasil Dimitrov/Getty Images
  • Recent research has uncovered a possible therapeutic link between drugs for treating heartburn and an improved outlook for people who have gum disease.
  • The study finds a “reduced gum line depth,” or space between the gums and teeth, in people who use heartburn medications compared with those who do not.
  • In individuals who used the stomach acid-reducing drugs, 14% of teeth that researchers studied had a reduced gum line depth of at least 6 millimeters (mm) compared with 24% of those who did not.
Read More

A deadly disease is wiping out coral in Florida and the Caribbean

A silent killer is spreading throughout the waters of the Caribbean. Known as stony coral tissue loss disease, it afflicts at least 22 species, including some of the largest, oldest, and most important reef-building corals. Infected colonies develop white patches that slowly enlarge, draining the color and life from the animals. In the most susceptible species, such as pillar, brain, and star corals, infected colonies usually die within weeks or months.

It’s the “worst thing I’ve ever seen,” says William Precht, a coral disease specialist in Florida.

Stony coral tissue loss disease, abbreviated as SCTLD, was discovered in the

Read More

How disease has stimulated cultural change

In his classic 1954 work, The Gift, the anthropologist Marcel Mauss described an unusual practice of gift-giving in the Māori people. People who didn’t reciprocate gifts were believed to be vulnerable to illness — and possibly death. In this way, rituals of giving and receiving were linked with beliefs about sickness, giving disease a central position in cultural interactions.

In modern western society, by contrast, many people view infections only as biological threats to health and wellbeing rather than essential elements of belief and cultural change. Some people expect that outbreaks of novel infectious disease are something humans periodically just

Read More